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Climate Change

(July 1 – September 30, 2022)

Christian Braut

Ischia: a natural laboratory

Andrew Bodrov

Kunda hydroelectric plant

Kunda, Estonia

September 25, 2022

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© 2022 Andrew Bodrov, Some Rights Reserved. Creative Commons License


Kunda hydroelectric power plant was build in 1893 on the rapids of the river of Kunda to supply electricity to the cement factory and is the first hydroelectric power plant in the Baltics with a 240-horsepower turbine.

Estonia is the second-largest emitter of CO2 per capita in the European Union. The reason for that is oil shale, sedimentary rock that has been mined in Estonia for electricity generation since the fifties and, since recently, have also been used for liquid diesel fuel production.

Over 90 per cent of Estonia’s CO2 emissions come from burning oil shale for electricity, and oil shale contributes significantly to other pollution and waste levels in the country. 


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