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Cold War Era Underground Mill
The post-Second World War period was characterized for several decades by a brewing conflict known as the Cold War. This, coupled with the uncontrolled proliferation of nuclear warfare, led to a significant threat of nuclear conflict in Europe.
The Maltese islands have always been dependent on imported and stored food, and in particular, grain. To increase the storage of grain, the British Colonial Office took the decision to construct several underground flour mills on the Maltese island. These would give the local population a staple diet of bread in times of need. Seven underground mills were constructed in Malta – one of them in San Gwann.
This underground mill was excavated during 1954 to 1955. It consists of an entrance tunnel, some 30 meters long, it is 2.5 meters high and 3 meters wide, and leads into a large chamber.