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World Heritage

(June, 2004)

Luis Benitez

Canales y Chinampas de Xochimilco al Sur de la Ciudad de México

G. Donald Bain

Old Growth Forest in Redwood National Park

On the Boy Scout Tree Trail, Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park (Redwood National and State Parks), near Crescent City, California, USA

11 am Pacific Daylight Time, June 20, 2004

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© 2004 G. Donald Bain, All Rights Reserved.


Redwood National Park was created to protect the tallest trees on earth, the coast redwoods, Sequoia sempervirens. Old growth forests here contain many trees over 300 feet (100 meters) tall, and 10 feet (3 meters) in diameter. The park stretches for 45 miles (70 kilometers) along the far northern coast of California, containing not only redwood forest but also meadows (prairies), coastal bluffs, and beaches.

Included within the national park are three superlative state parks, created with private funds raised by the Save-the-Redwoods League beginning in 1918. This trail, leading in 3.5 miles to a particularly massive redwood known as the Boy Scout Tree, is in Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park.

The understory here consists primarily of sword ferns and lady ferns, with scattered hazelnut, vine maple, huckleberry, and rhododendron. In addition to the redwoods there are huge Douglas fir, grand fir, Sitka spruce and western hemlock trees. Annual rainfall exceeds 100 inches (250 cm), almost entirely in the winter. In summer heavy fog rolls in from the ocean most days, keeping the forest cool and green. Wildlife, though seldom seen, abounds, and includes black bear, mountain lion, and the majestic Roosevelt elk.

See also the Virtual Guidebook to Redwood National Park.
Olympus E-1 (digital SLR), 14-54mm Zuiko lens at 14mm, Kaidan QuickPan III with spherical bracket, Apple QuickTime VR Authoring Studio, Adobe Photoshop CS, Macintosh G5.

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