On top of the Hornisgrinde is the Transmitter Hornisgrinde
, a transmission facility for FM and TV in the Black Forest. There are two towers: a small steel framework tower (at the other end of the street), used for directional services, which belongs to the German Telecom Inc. and a 206 m (676 ft) high concrete tower of the SWR
(Südwestrundfunk = South West German Broadcasting Company), transmitting all radio programs of "SWR", the radio program of "Radio Regenbogen", the radio program of "Deutschlandfunk" and the first TV program of "ARD" for the southwest part of Germany.
(1874 - 1937, Nobel Prize for Physics in 1909
) used in 1901 a transmitter with 35 kW
for transmitting the first wireless signals across the Atlantic between Poldhu, Cornwall, and St. John's, Newfoundland, a distance of 3540 km (2100 miles)...
Today the transmission facility on the Hornisginde radiates more tnan 505 kW
(FM and TV only).
, 1164 m (3820 ft), is the highest mountain in the Northern Black Forest of Germany.
The moor area
at the summit of the Hornisgrinde is a nature reserve and is only partly accessible to the public.
Since World War II, part of the Hornisgrinde was military property. Meanwhile, the military utilization ended and the lookout tower
(built in 1910) of the Schwarzwaldverein at the southern end of the Hornisgrinde could be mounted again.
is a deep lake at the western mountainside of the Hornisgrinde. It is very popular with tourists travelling along the Schwarzwaldhochstraße
. According to legends, the lake is inhabited by Nixen (mermaids) and the King of the Mummelsee.