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BESSY operated the facility BESSY I in Berlin Wilmersdorf from 1982 until 1999. This photo shows one section of the large ring-shaped experimental hall of BESSY II (diameter: 125 m), in operation at the new location in Berlin-Adlershof since 1998.
Synchrotron "light" is generated in electron accelerators and electron storage rings. The spectrum of the light emitted from these sources extends from the infrared to the vacuum ultra violet (VUV) and the X-ray region. The radiation is used for scientific and technological investigations and for application related and industrially oriented research.
A good starting point for further information (e.g. "What is synchrotron radiation?" or "Applications of synchrotron radiation") is the BESSY website.
BESSY’s connected wattage is 5 megawatts and the consumption 2.7 megawatts, of which 2 megawatts is for accelerators, magnets, high frequency transmitters and the rest for cooling, vacuum, air conditioning, computer, light, etc. This corresponds to the energy requirement of approximately 8,500 households.
I would like to thank Dr. Sauerborn from BESSY who allowed me to take this photograph and Christine House for her help with this translation.