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Till 1932 the island was situated in the Zuiderzee, afterwards (because of completing the Afsluitdijk, the enclosing dyke) in the IJsselmeer. In 1942 a large part of the former Zuiderzee was reclaimed, wich meant that Schokland ceased being an island and could be reached from all sides via the former sea floor.
By the early 19th century a harbour was built in the north of the island, protected by two piers. In 1838 the harbour was totally renewed and offered place to more than 300 fishing boats.
After the evacuation of the island in 1859, the harbour still was in service. A few harbour masters were in charge of the harbour activities. During bad weather fishermen took shelter for storms and fish was being traded.
Between 1915 and 1932 a fish auction was near the harbour. Fish was being bought from the fishermen and shipped to the mainland.
After the reclamation of the Noordoostpolder the harbour lost its function and was demolished for a large part.
The former island is now a museum and the piers of the harbour have been reconstructed, as seen on the panorama. Schokland was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1995.